The Xiao is an ancient chinese flute with eight holes. Upon request the Xiao is offered with Shakuhachi style fingering or five holes. The sound is similar to that of the shakuhachi, throaty and breathy and haunting. However the xiao is much easier to play than the Shakuhachi, sometimes I refer to them as Shakuhachi with training wheels. The Xiao is a simple end blown flute, played by blowing over the edge much like that of a soda bottle or transverse flute. The scale is a diatonic scale with a flatted third, traditionally in the key of D. Offered in diatonic, pentatonic scales and keys of G, F, E, D, C, Bb, and A.